November 30, 2022

Polish cities are becoming depopulated

Polish cities are becoming depopulated. Currently, less than 61 percent. Poles live in cities, and centers over 100 thousand. The population is less than it was,” geographer Prof. J. K. K. told PAP. Daniela Szymanska of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun.

Depopulation processes concern the main In not large centers in, which can be observed to the greatest extent, e.g. in Lodz and Poznan. There are also some that re like a magnet attracting new residents in e.g. Warsaw, Rzesz .

– The trend og lworld is all the time an influx of people into cities. In most of the country In the world people go to centers all the time in urban. In richer countries, which re have already undergone a transformation, have developed higher-level services – many wasps b are moving to their outskirts, to the suburban zone. These processes are called suburbanization,” explained Prof. Szymanska from the Department of Studi in Urban and Regional Development at the Nicolaus Copernicus University.

Currently, there are 38 cities with more than a hundred thousand inhabitants , and it used to be 41.

– When the urban centers were industrializing, many of the os b moved there from the countryside. P Later, when we started to get a little richer, the population, not wanting to buy apartments in large clusters of people, built on the outskirts, as it was cheaper, and at the same time in line with nature and zr balanced development. These people, however, have not lost touch with the city, she pointed out.

Statistics show that people moving to the countryside or to towns do not choose settlements far from the centrals. – There used to be such a term in our country as "town". Now its use is being revived, although it was forgotten for a period,” added the geographer.

Incentives to return

– Often m is seen that young rings of large cities are being built, as this trend applies to the main nie young people, which ers took out loans, built up and often established their new businesses in the suburbs. They are revitalizing and activating these newly settled spaces, which is a positive phenomenon, she pointed out.

Prof. Szymanska noted that the "Often authorities try to slow down this process and activate localities, encourage people to return". – In cities, new spaces are being created, programs are being implemented to support entrepreneurship and professional activity, their centers are being refined, revitalized, their functional character is being changed, new green areas are being created. Some of the os b returns. This process is called gentrification – i.e. refinement – m iła.

The number of inhabitants is decreasing in cities. Currently, less than 61 percent of the. population, and it was already 68 percent.

– This does not mean that the level of urbanization is not increasing. All spaces, both rural and urban, in highly developed countries are urbanizing. If we counted the entire urbanized population of these countries in, it would leave us, close to 90 percent of the. population,” stressed Prof. Szymanska.

"Cities should be built in the countryside"

In doing so, she noted that urbanization should not be referred only to the percentage of the population living in cities (within their administrative boundaries), but should be seen broadly as the level of urbanization far beyond their borders.

– This is a global process, involving the entire world’s. It is associated with the progress of the scientific and technological revolution, the concentration of the forces of manufacturing rkowe and forms of relations in society, with the spread of urban lifestyles, changing attitudes and social ties, transforming rural societies into zr miseducated non-agricultural societies, with modernization of the entire settlement network. Otherwise m he urbanization means modernization and the transfer of urban lifestyles to the countryside – m iła.

Prof. Szymanska stressed that if there are utilities, stores, cafes or restaurants in the countryside, it is clear that the countryside is urbanizing. – Someone once beautifully said that cities should be built in the countryside because the air is healthier. Currently, countries are trying to implement the ideas of ecological localities and zr in equivalent, as reflected in the smart city concept. All to make life there healthier and better, she added.